The Reunification Hall, also known as the Reunification Palace or the Independence Palace in Ho Chi Minh City, is an architectural monument classified as a special National Monument. This place has a significant cultural history, often crowded with domestic and foreign tourists as an indispensable place when traveling to Ho Chi Minh City. In addition, this palace also represents the typical architecture of Vietnam in the 1960s. The architecture of the Independence Palace Independence Palace during construction According to history, the Independence Palace was started construction on July 1, 1962, and inaugurated on October 31, 1966. This is a unique architectural work designed by architect Ngo Viet Thu, obeying a cultural meaning, so all the arrangements from inside to the outside reflect ancient philosophy Eastern tradition while at the same time harmoniously combining with modern architectural art. The front yard of the Hall is an oval grass carpet with a diameter of 102m. The green of the grass carpet creates a cool feeling for guests as soon as they step through the gate. Long-running along the width of the hall is a semicircle lake with lotus flowers. The architectural beauty of the Independence Palace in Saigon is also reflected by the stone flower curtain-shaped by the bamboos surrounding the 2nd floor. The stone curtain is inspired by the interior of Hue Imperial Palace, which not only enhances the beauty but also works to get sunlight. The area of the Independence Palace is up to 120,000m² (300m x 400m), limited by 4 main roads: Nam Ky Khoi Nghia Street in the Northeast (the front side of the Independence Palace) Huyen Tran Cong Chua Street in the Southwest (the back side of the Independence Palace) Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Street in the Northwest (the left side of the Independence Palace) Nguyen Du Street in the Southeast (the right side of the Independence Palace) The main block of the Independence Palace is a T-shaped shape, covering an area of 4,500m², 26m high, located at the center of the land. This zone consists of 3 floors, 2 mezzanines, 1 terrace, 1 ground floor and a basement. The total usable area is 20,000m² divided into 95 rooms. Each room has its own function as well as architecture and decoration suitable for the purpose of that room. After 1975, some rooms of this block continues to be used, the remaining are used to serve tourists. In addition to the above buildings, in the left corner, there is an octagonal house with a diameter of 4m, built on a high mound, surrounded by no walls with curved tile roofs making the place cool and relaxing. What's more, the Palace of Independence Palace is green grass fields, old tree gardens, precious ornamental pots and 4 tennis courts after the main house. Visiting the Independence Palace Every year, this place often welcomes nearly one million domestic and foreign visitors. It is a very large number for the current museums and monuments in Vietnam. To meet the tastes of tourists, the management board of the Independence Palace has significantly improved the way it operates and guides visitors, aiming to provide information so visitors can read and explore for themselves. The management board of the Independence Palace has identified each location that needs information such as the Office of the Secretariat, the Office of the National Assembly, the President's Office or the position of flagging in Dinh on April 30, 1975. Each position corresponds to an introduction panel consisting of three languages: Vietnamese, English and French with the content compiled concisely, concisely and accurately. Each board has a carefully selected photo that reflects the true and vivid history. The whole route to visit the Independence Palace is led by 35 professionally designed introductory panels, harmonious layout, eye-catching red color, appropriate font size. Along with these introductory panels are signs that guide the walk so that tourists can move easily from room to room, from the lower floor to the upper floor and vice versa. It is this model that has contributed to creating more attraction for the relic. Address of Independence Palace: 135 Nam Ky Khoi Nghia, District 1, HCMC. Opening hours: 7:30 am - 11:00, 13:00 pm - 16:00 pm daily (including Saturday, Sunday and Tet holidays). Independence Palace through photos: The path to the tunnel in the Palace. Nguyen Van Thieu is the president of the Republic of Vietnam, having the longest time in power here (from October 1967 - April 21, 1975). The area used to display Photos and war items during the American resistance period. The Jeep M152A2, this is the version of the Jeep that brought President Duong Van Minh to Saigon Radio Station to read the statement of unconditional surrender. This German Mercedes Benz 200 W110 was produced in the 1960s, one of the cars that President Nguyen Van Thieu used. This is the spoils of the 48th Regiment, 390th Division, 1st Corps Corps when attacking to the base of the General Staff of the Republic of Vietnam Army at 9h10 on April 30, 1975. Flag, seals and high ranking medals of the Republic of Vietnam. Cap of Lieutenant Bui Quang Than, who plugged the flag on the roof of the Independence Palace at 11:30 on April 30, 1975. The AK of the tank unit heading into the Independence Palace on April 30, 1975 is also on display here. Kitchen inside the Palace. This is a place for cooking to serve the great reception parties, equipped with modern facilities such as 5-star hotel kitchen at that time. The equipment is made of stainless steel, made in Japan 1966, using gas and electricity, has separate cold storage to preserve food, has air intake system and elevator to transport 100kg to the upper floors. There is still a UH1 helicopter on the rooftop. This type of helicopter was built by Bell (USA), equipped for the US in 1959 and used in the Vietnam War in 1962. Two red circles as well as residual shrapnel used to mark the event bombing on April 8, 1975 by pilot Nguyen Thanh Trung. The staircase is covered with red carpet but not used inside the Independence Palace building. The President's living room consists of two interconnecting rooms. In 1975, many countries placed embassies in Saigon. The Ambassadors came here to present the letters to the President. The interior of the room stands out with the "Binh Ngo Dai Cao" painting, consisting of 40 small pieces combined to describe the peaceful life of Vietnamese people in the 15th century. Reception room, accommodating 500 people, to organize meetings, receptions and cabinet launches. In November 1975, here the Political Consultative Conference took place to discuss issues of unification of the North and South of Vietnam. The Great Banquet room, which hosts receptions with a capacity of over 100 guests. On October 31, 1967, there was the inauguration party of President Nguyen Van Thieu and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky. Cabinet office, where meetings of the Council of Ministers and the Cabinet of the Republic of Vietnam take place. Dining room with glass chamber, luxurious carpet & clean. Movie theater with a capacity of 50 spectators. This area used to place Movie projector. Green grass oval in front of Dinh gate is an area with thousands of square meters. Library in the Independence Palace is located on the 3rd floor, including many bookcases, wide windows to welcome light and reading tables in the middle of the room. Presidential family area, including a large yard with trees ... And the corridor with many rare exhibits The bedroom space of the President. Commanding cellar for combat. This is the reception room for military news from 4 tactical areas. Through the operational map system, the advisory department will update, monitor and deploy military activity plans. Radio and communication room. Commanding cellar for combat is divided into many small rooms with different functions and tasks. April 30, 1975, North Vietnamese tanks prepared to enter the Independence Palace 10h45 on April 30, 1975, the tank with the number 843 of the liberation army of the 4th Company, 1st Battalion, 230 Tank Brigade, the 2nd Corps led the formation and rammed the side gate of the Independence Palace. Then the tank with the number 390 knocked out the main gate and headed straight to the Palace.